Amanda Bond, Research Scientist, Soar Technology, Inc.

Amanda (Hafich) Bond is a Research Scientist and Principal Investigator at SoarTech, leading and contributing to various technical efforts leveraging her background in Human Factors Engineering. With over 15 years spent in government research as well as commercial programs, Ms. Bond’s expertise includes the design and development of numerous training and decision-support systems (both prototype and fielded), task and training needs analyses, and experimental and training efficacy evaluation. Ms. Bond has her M.S. in Modeling and Simulation (Human Performance) from the University of Central Florida, B.S. in Psychology (Experimental) from Florida State University, and is finishing her Ph.D. in Modeling and Simulation (Human Performance) at the University of Central Florida.

Training Spatial Disorientation in a Two-Dimensional Space

Spatial Disorientation (SD) is cited as a contributing factor in five to ten percent of all aviation incidents; however, when SD does occur, over ninety percent of those incidents prove to be fatal (Heinle & Erocoline, 2002). SD impacts both fixed- and rotor-wing aviators, and SD can and does impact pilots at every skill level, from low-flight-time general aviation pilots through to the most experienced high-performance military pilots. SD proves to be a challenge for many aviators because one’s own proprioception is so compelling that it’s hard for them to imagine that their own senses could be misled (Heinle & Ercoline, 2002).

To combat SD in the US Navy, aviation training wings provide exposure to SD materials at multiple points in the training process, with varying levels of fidelity. SD concepts are presented via lecture and PowerPoint, aviators may experience the phenomenon of SD using Bárány Chairs, flight simulators (some with motion platforms) may be used to demonstrate SD and practice recovery procedures, and instructors might take students up and induce SD in order to demonstrate the phenomenon and how to recover. Throughput and availability for hardware training systems, however, limit how much of each type exposure to SD an aviator will have during ground-based training, or if the training will be primarily lecture-based. The Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD) is investigating enhancing classroom-based SD instruction into more engaging and dynamic formats, including with displays such as as Oculus Rift and without vestibular cues, as a potential solution to augment the SD training objective. This talk describes and invites discussion regarding current research investigating the training efficacy of a simple mishap recreation package that allows students to quickly “witness” first-person how these types of incidents can occur as part of SD training.