Dr. Patrizia Knabl

Dr. Patrizia Knabl, Human Factors Specialist, Flight Operations Training, Emirates Airline

Dr. Patrizia Knabl works as a Human Factors Specialist for Emirates Airline Flight Operations Training. She obtained a master’s degree in psychology from Graz University, Austria and a PhD from the Technical University of Brunswick, Germany. Before joining Emirates in 2016, Patrizia worked as a scientist for the German Aerospace Center (DLR) Institute of Flight Guidance. Thereby, her research mainly focused on human factors aspects with helmet-mounted displays and synthetic vision systems for civil and military helicopter operations. At Emirates, she primarily focuses on the development of CRM, integrating human factors in pilot training, pilot coaching, as well as conducting research. Her latest projects include the understanding of cultural differences and their impact on flight deck management attitudes, the use of eye tracking technology for improved pilot monitoring, and enhanced data analysis methods in the scope of evidence-based training. In 2014, she received the German Amelia Earhart fellowship which is awarded to women pursuing doctoral degrees and demonstrating a superior academic record in the field of aerospace-related sciences. Patrizia is currently a member of the European Association for Aviation Psychology and the Royal Aeronautical Society UAE.

Findings From Eye Tracking in Pilot Training

Eye tracking technology has widely been used in aviation research and has recently gained increased interest with the aim of understanding flight crew performance and enhancing pilot training. Since monitoring still poses a major challenge in the industry it becomes vital to understand which successful scanning strategies are deployed by experienced pilots in their management of highly dynamic events. This could then support a more focused development for new trainees as well as provide feedback and support for the recurrent training of experienced pilots. In addition,practical solutions need to be developed for both the way the data is gathered and then subsequently processed into a format that provides immediate feedback for a trainer or evaluator. A study was conducted in an Airbus A380 full flight simulator with 13 crews, whereby scanning behaviour of both the pilot flying and pilot monitoring was captured in a set of standardised scenarios. The presentation will highlight selected results of the study and discuss how eye tracking technology could be used in a future routine training environment.